Windows Server 2008 R2: installare e configurare ClamD come servizio

Scenario

Macchina Windows Server 2008 R2 adibito a server di posta (inbound/outbound) mediante hMailServer. Su quest’ultimo si vuole utilizzare ClamD (eseguibile appartenente alla suite ClamAV) per la scansione degli allegati (poichè più stabile e performante di ClamWin).

clamavIn questo post vedremo come installare il suddetto applicativo sottoforma di servizio. Inoltre, tramite il task scheduler di Windows, utilizzeremo uno scrip custom (da me creato) per il download e l’installazione degli aggiornamenti.

Download e configurazione di ClamAV

E’ possibile scaricare il software il questione da qui (è gratis). La versione da me utilizzata è la Win64 (poichè il SO è a 64 bit).

Una volta completato il download, estraiamo il contenuto del file *.zip (ho scelto questa tipologia di file anzichè il *.msi per avere un maggiore controllo durante la fase di installazione e configurazione) e rinominiamo la dir in ClamAV. Infine, copiamola all’interno di C:\Program Files\.

Posizioniamoci dunque all’interno della directory C:\Program Files\ClamAV e creiamo la cartella database (in cui verranno salvate le firme aggiornate) ed i file clamd.conf:

##
## Example config file for the Clam AV daemon
## Please read the clamd.conf(5) manual before editing this file.
##

# Comment or remove the line below.
#Example

# Uncomment this option to enable logging.
# LogFile must be writable for the user running daemon.
# A full path is required.
# Default: disabled
LogFile C:\Program Files\ClamAV\clamd.log

# By default the log file is locked for writing - the lock protects against
# running clamd multiple times (if want to run another clamd, please
# copy the configuration file, change the LogFile variable, and run
# the daemon with --config-file option).
# This option disables log file locking.
# Default: no
#LogFileUnlock yes

# Maximum size of the log file.
# Value of 0 disables the limit.
# You may use 'M' or 'm' for megabytes (1M = 1m = 1048576 bytes)
# and 'K' or 'k' for kilobytes (1K = 1k = 1024 bytes). To specify the size
# in bytes just don't use modifiers. If LogFileMaxSize is enabled, log
# rotation (the LogRotate option) will always be enabled.
# Default: 1M
LogFileMaxSize 2M

# Log time with each message.
# Default: no
LogTime yes

# Also log clean files. Useful in debugging but drastically increases the
# log size.
# Default: no
LogClean yes

# Use system logger (can work together with LogFile).
# Default: no
#LogSyslog yes

# Specify the type of syslog messages - please refer to 'man syslog'
# for facility names.
# Default: LOG_LOCAL6
#LogFacility LOG_MAIL

# Enable verbose logging.
# Default: no
LogVerbose yes

# Enable log rotation. Always enabled when LogFileMaxSize is enabled.
# Default: no
#LogRotate yes

# Log additional information about the infected file, such as its
# size and hash, together with the virus name.
ExtendedDetectionInfo yes

# This option allows you to save a process identifier of the listening
# daemon (main thread).
# Default: disabled
#PidFile /var/run/clamd.pid

# Optional path to the global temporary directory.
# Default: system specific (usually /tmp or /var/tmp).
#TemporaryDirectory /var/tmp

# Path to the database directory.
# Default: hardcoded (depends on installation options)
#DatabaseDirectory /var/lib/clamav

# Only load the official signatures published by the ClamAV project.
# Default: no
#OfficialDatabaseOnly no

# The daemon can work in local mode, network mode or both. 
# Due to security reasons we recommend the local mode.

# Path to a local socket file the daemon will listen on.
# Default: disabled (must be specified by a user)
#LocalSocket /tmp/clamd.socket

# Sets the group ownership on the unix socket.
# Default: disabled (the primary group of the user running clamd)
#LocalSocketGroup virusgroup

# Sets the permissions on the unix socket to the specified mode.
# Default: disabled (socket is world accessible)
#LocalSocketMode 660

# Remove stale socket after unclean shutdown.
# Default: yes
#FixStaleSocket yes

# TCP port address.
# Default: no
TCPSocket 3310

# TCP address.
# By default we bind to INADDR_ANY, probably not wise.
# Enable the following to provide some degree of protection
# from the outside world. This option can be specified multiple
# times if you want to listen on multiple IPs. IPv6 is now supported.
# Default: no
TCPAddr 127.0.0.1

# Maximum length the queue of pending connections may grow to.
# Default: 200
#MaxConnectionQueueLength 30

# Clamd uses FTP-like protocol to receive data from remote clients.
# If you are using clamav-milter to balance load between remote clamd daemons
# on firewall servers you may need to tune the options below.

# Close the connection when the data size limit is exceeded.
# The value should match your MTA's limit for a maximum attachment size.
# Default: 25M
#StreamMaxLength 10M

# Limit port range.
# Default: 1024
#StreamMinPort 30000
# Default: 2048
#StreamMaxPort 32000

# Maximum number of threads running at the same time.
# Default: 10
#MaxThreads 20

# Waiting for data from a client socket will timeout after this time (seconds).
# Default: 120
#ReadTimeout 300

# This option specifies the time (in seconds) after which clamd should
# timeout if a client doesn't provide any initial command after connecting.
# Default: 5
#CommandReadTimeout 5

# This option specifies how long to wait (in miliseconds) if the send buffer is full.
# Keep this value low to prevent clamd hanging
#
# Default: 500
#SendBufTimeout 200

# Maximum number of queued items (including those being processed by MaxThreads threads)
# It is recommended to have this value at least twice MaxThreads if possible.
# WARNING: you shouldn't increase this too much to avoid running out  of file descripors,
# the following condition should hold:
# MaxThreads*MaxRecursion + (MaxQueue - MaxThreads) + 6< RLIMIT_NOFILE (usual max is 1024)
#
# Default: 100
#MaxQueue 200

# Waiting for a new job will timeout after this time (seconds).
# Default: 30
#IdleTimeout 60

# Don't scan files and directories matching regex
# This directive can be used multiple times
# Default: scan all
#ExcludePath ^/proc/
#ExcludePath ^/sys/

# Maximum depth directories are scanned at.
# Default: 15
#MaxDirectoryRecursion 20

# Follow directory symlinks.
# Default: no
#FollowDirectorySymlinks yes

# Follow regular file symlinks.
# Default: no
#FollowFileSymlinks yes

# Scan files and directories on other filesystems.
# Default: yes
#CrossFilesystems yes

# Perform a database check.
# Default: 600 (10 min)
#SelfCheck 600

# Execute a command when virus is found. In the command string %v will
# be replaced with the virus name.
# Default: no
#VirusEvent /usr/local/bin/send_sms 123456789 "VIRUS ALERT: %v"

# Run as another user (clamd must be started by root for this option to work)
# Default: don't drop privileges
#User clamav

# Initialize supplementary group access (clamd must be started by root).
# Default: no
#AllowSupplementaryGroups no

# Stop daemon when libclamav reports out of memory condition.
#ExitOnOOM yes

# Don't fork into background.
# Default: no
#Foreground yes

# Enable debug messages in libclamav.
# Default: no
#Debug yes

# Do not remove temporary files (for debug purposes).
# Default: no
#LeaveTemporaryFiles yes

# Permit use of the ALLMATCHSCAN command. If set to no, clamd will reject
# any ALLMATCHSCAN command as invalid.
# Default: yes
#AllowAllMatchScan no

# Detect Possibly Unwanted Applications.
# Default: no
#DetectPUA yes

# Exclude a specific PUA category. This directive can be used multiple times.
# See https://github.com/vrtadmin/clamav-faq/blob/master/faq/faq-pua.md for 
# the complete list of PUA categories.
# Default: Load all categories (if DetectPUA is activated)
#ExcludePUA NetTool
#ExcludePUA PWTool

# Only include a specific PUA category. This directive can be used multiple
# times.
# Default: Load all categories (if DetectPUA is activated)
#IncludePUA Spy
#IncludePUA Scanner
#IncludePUA RAT

# In some cases (eg. complex malware, exploits in graphic files, and others),
# ClamAV uses special algorithms to provide accurate detection. This option
# controls the algorithmic detection.
# Default: yes
#AlgorithmicDetection yes

# This option causes memory or nested map scans to dump the content to disk.
# If you turn on this option, more data is written to disk and is available
# when the LeaveTemporaryFiles option is enabled.
#ForceToDisk yes

# This option allows you to disable the caching feature of the engine. By
# default, the engine will store an MD5 in a cache of any files that are
# not flagged as virus or that hit limits checks. Disabling the cache will
# have a negative performance impact on large scans.
# Default: no
#DisableCache yes

##
## Executable files
##

# PE stands for Portable Executable - it's an executable file format used
# in all 32 and 64-bit versions of Windows operating systems. This option allows
# ClamAV to perform a deeper analysis of executable files and it's also
# required for decompression of popular executable packers such as UPX, FSG,
# and Petite. If you turn off this option, the original files will still be
# scanned, but without additional processing.
# Default: yes
#ScanPE yes

# Certain PE files contain an authenticode signature. By default, we check
# the signature chain in the PE file against a database of trusted and
# revoked certificates if the file being scanned is marked as a virus.
# If any certificate in the chain validates against any trusted root, but
# does not match any revoked certificate, the file is marked as whitelisted.
# If the file does match a revoked certificate, the file is marked as virus.
# The following setting completely turns off authenticode verification.
# Default: no
#DisableCertCheck yes

# Executable and Linking Format is a standard format for UN*X executables.
# This option allows you to control the scanning of ELF files.
# If you turn off this option, the original files will still be scanned, but
# without additional processing.
# Default: yes
#ScanELF yes

# With this option clamav will try to detect broken executables (both PE and
# ELF) and mark them as Broken.Executable.
# Default: no
#DetectBrokenExecutables yes

##
## Documents
##

# This option enables scanning of OLE2 files, such as Microsoft Office
# documents and .msi files.
# If you turn off this option, the original files will still be scanned, but
# without additional processing.
# Default: yes
#ScanOLE2 yes

# With this option enabled OLE2 files with VBA macros, which were not
# detected by signatures will be marked as "Heuristics.OLE2.ContainsMacros".
# Default: no
#OLE2BlockMacros no

# This option enables scanning within PDF files.
# If you turn off this option, the original files will still be scanned, but
# without decoding and additional processing.
# Default: yes
#ScanPDF yes

# This option enables scanning within SWF files.
# If you turn off this option, the original files will still be scanned, but
# without decoding and additional processing.
# Default: yes
#ScanSWF yes

##
## Mail files
##

# Enable internal e-mail scanner.
# If you turn off this option, the original files will still be scanned, but
# without parsing individual messages/attachments.
# Default: yes
#ScanMail yes

# Scan RFC1341 messages split over many emails.
# You will need to periodically clean up $TemporaryDirectory/clamav-partial directory.
# WARNING: This option may open your system to a DoS attack.
#       Never use it on loaded servers.
# Default: no
#ScanPartialMessages yes

# With this option enabled ClamAV will try to detect phishing attempts by using
# signatures.
# Default: yes
#PhishingSignatures yes

# Scan URLs found in mails for phishing attempts using heuristics.
# Default: yes
#PhishingScanURLs yes

# Always block SSL mismatches in URLs, even if the URL isn't in the database.
# This can lead to false positives.
#
# Default: no
#PhishingAlwaysBlockSSLMismatch no

# Always block cloaked URLs, even if URL isn't in database.
# This can lead to false positives.
#
# Default: no
#PhishingAlwaysBlockCloak no

# Detect partition intersections in raw disk images using heuristics.
# Default: no
#PartitionIntersection no

# Allow heuristic match to take precedence.
# When enabled, if a heuristic scan (such as phishingScan) detects
# a possible virus/phish it will stop scan immediately. Recommended, saves CPU
# scan-time.
# When disabled, virus/phish detected by heuristic scans will be reported only at
# the end of a scan. If an archive contains both a heuristically detected
# virus/phish, and a real malware, the real malware will be reported
#
# Keep this disabled if you intend to handle "*.Heuristics.*" viruses 
# differently from "real" malware.
# If a non-heuristically-detected virus (signature-based) is found first, 
# the scan is interrupted immediately, regardless of this config option.
#
# Default: no
#HeuristicScanPrecedence yes

##
## Data Loss Prevention (DLP)
##

# Enable the DLP module
# Default: No
#StructuredDataDetection yes

# This option sets the lowest number of Credit Card numbers found in a file
# to generate a detect.
# Default: 3
#StructuredMinCreditCardCount 5

# This option sets the lowest number of Social Security Numbers found
# in a file to generate a detect.
# Default: 3
#StructuredMinSSNCount 5

# With this option enabled the DLP module will search for valid
# SSNs formatted as xxx-yy-zzzz
# Default: yes
#StructuredSSNFormatNormal yes

# With this option enabled the DLP module will search for valid
# SSNs formatted as xxxyyzzzz
# Default: no
#StructuredSSNFormatStripped yes

##
## HTML
##

# Perform HTML normalisation and decryption of MS scrip Encoder code.
# Default: yes
# If you turn off this option, the original files will still be scanned, but
# without additional processing.
#ScanHTML yes

##
## Archives
##

# ClamAV can scan within archives and compressed files.
# If you turn off this option, the original files will still be scanned, but
# without unpacking and additional processing.
# Default: yes
#ScanArchive yes

# Mark encrypted archives as viruses (Encrypted.Zip, Encrypted.RAR).
# Default: no
#ArchiveBlockEncrypted no

##
## Limits
##

# The options below protect your system against Denial of Service attacks
# using archive bombs.

# This option sets the maximum amount of data to be scanned for each input file.
# Archives and other containers are recursively extracted and scanned up to this
# value.
# Value of 0 disables the limit
# Note: disabling this limit or setting it too high may result in severe damage
# to the system.
# Default: 100M
#MaxScanSize 150M

# Files larger than this limit won't be scanned. Affects the input file itself
# as well as files contained inside it (when the input file is an archive, a
# document or some other kind of container).
# Value of 0 disables the limit.
# Note: disabling this limit or setting it too high may result in severe damage
# to the system.
# Default: 25M
#MaxFileSize 30M

# Nested archives are scanned recursively, e.g. if a Zip archive contains a RAR
# file, all files within it will also be scanned. This options specifies how
# deeply the process should be continued.
# Note: setting this limit too high may result in severe damage to the system.
# Default: 16
#MaxRecursion 10

# Number of files to be scanned within an archive, a document, or any other
# container file.
# Value of 0 disables the limit.
# Note: disabling this limit or setting it too high may result in severe damage
# to the system.
# Default: 10000
#MaxFiles 15000

# Maximum size of a file to check for embedded PE. Files larger than this value
# will skip the additional analysis step.
# Note: disabling this limit or setting it too high may result in severe damage
# to the system.
# Default: 10M
#MaxEmbeddedPE 10M

# Maximum size of a HTML file to normalize. HTML files larger than this value
# will not be normalized or scanned.
# Note: disabling this limit or setting it too high may result in severe damage
# to the system.
# Default: 10M
#MaxHTMLNormalize 10M

# Maximum size of a normalized HTML file to scan. HTML files larger than this
# value after normalization will not be scanned.
# Note: disabling this limit or setting it too high may result in severe damage
# to the system.
# Default: 2M
#MaxHTMLNoTags 2M

# Maximum size of a scrip file to normalize. scrip content larger than this
# value will not be normalized or scanned.
# Note: disabling this limit or setting it too high may result in severe damage
# to the system.
# Default: 5M
#MaxscripNormalize 5M

# Maximum size of a ZIP file to reanalyze type recognition. ZIP files larger
# than this value will skip the step to potentially reanalyze as PE.
# Note: disabling this limit or setting it too high may result in severe damage
# to the system.
# Default: 1M
#MaxZipTypeRcg 1M

# This option sets the maximum number of partitions of a raw disk image to be scanned.
# Raw disk images with more partitions than this value will have up to the value number
# partitions scanned. Negative values are not allowed.
# Note: setting this limit too high may result in severe damage or impact performance.
# Default: 50
#MaxPartitions 128

# This option sets the maximum number of icons within a PE to be scanned.
# PE files with more icons than this value will have up to the value number icons scanned.
# Negative values are not allowed.
# WARNING: setting this limit too high may result in severe damage or impact performance.
# Default: 100
#MaxIconsPE 200

# This option sets the maximum calls to the PCRE match function during an instance of regex matching.
# Instances using more than this limit will be terminated and alert the user but the scan will continue.
# For more information on match_limit, see the PCRE documentation.
# Negative values are not allowed.
# WARNING: setting this limit too high may severely impact performance.
# Default: 10000
#PCREMatchLimit 20000

# This option sets the maximum recursive calls to the PCRE match function during an instance of regex matching.
# Instances using more than this limit will be terminated and alert the user but the scan will continue.
# For more information on match_limit_recursion, see the PCRE documentation.
# Negative values are not allowed and values > PCREMatchLimit are superfluous.
# WARNING: setting this limit too high may severely impact performance.
# Default: 5000
#PCRERecMatchLimit 10000

# This option sets the maximum filesize for which PCRE subsigs will be executed.
# Files exceeding this limit will not have PCRE subsigs executed unless a subsig is encompassed to a smaller buffer.
# Negative values are not allowed.
# Setting this value to zero disables the limit.
# WARNING: setting this limit too high or disabling it may severely impact performance.
# Default: 25M
#PCREMaxFileSize 100M

##
## On-access Scan Settings
##

# Enable on-access scanning. Currently, this is supported via fanotify.
# Clamuko/Dazuko support has been deprecated.
# Default: no
#ScanOnAccess yes

# Set the  mount point to be scanned. The mount point specified, or the mount point 
# containing the specified directory will be watched. If any directories are specified, 
# this option will preempt the DDD system. This will notify only. It can be used multiple times.
# (On-access scan only)
# Default: disabled
#OnAccessMountPath /
#OnAccessMountPath /home/user

# Don't scan files larger than OnAccessMaxFileSize
# Value of 0 disables the limit.
# Default: 5M
#OnAccessMaxFileSize 10M

# Set the include paths (all files inside them will be scanned). You can have
# multiple OnAccessIncludePath directives but each directory must be added
# in a separate line. (On-access scan only)
# Default: disabled
#OnAccessIncludePath /home
#OnAccessIncludePath /students

# Set the exclude paths. All subdirectories are also excluded.
# (On-access scan only)
# Default: disabled
#OnAccessExcludePath /home/bofh

# With this option you can whitelist specific UIDs. Processes with these UIDs
# will be able to access all files.
# This option can be used multiple times (one per line).
# Default: disabled
#OnAccessExcludeUID 0

# Toggles dynamic directory determination. Allows for recursively watching include paths.
# (On-access scan only)
# Default: no
#OnAccessDisableDDD yes

# Modifies fanotify blocking behaviour when handling permission events.
# If off, fanotify will only notify if the file scanned is a virus,
# and not perform any blocking.
# (On-access scan only)
# Default: no
#OnAccessPrevention yes

# Toggles extra scanning and notifications when a file or directory is created or moved.
# Requires the  DDD system to kick-off extra scans.
# (On-access scan only)
# Default: no
#OnAccessExtraScanning yes

##
## Bytecode
##

# With this option enabled ClamAV will load bytecode from the database. 
# It is highly recommended you keep this option on, otherwise you'll miss detections for many new viruses.
# Default: yes
#Bytecode yes

# Set bytecode security level.
# Possible values:
#       None - no security at all, meant for debugging. DO NOT USE THIS ON PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
#         This value is only available if clamav was built with --enable-debug!
#       TrustSigned - trust bytecode loaded from signed .c[lv]d files,
#                insert runtime safety checks for bytecode loaded from other sources
#       Paranoid - don't trust any bytecode, insert runtime checks for all
# Recommended: TrustSigned, because bytecode in .cvd files already has these checks
# Note that by default only signed bytecode is loaded, currently you can only
# load unsigned bytecode in --enable-debug mode.
#
# Default: TrustSigned
#BytecodeSecurity TrustSigned

# Set bytecode timeout in miliseconds.
# 
# Default: 5000
# BytecodeTimeout 1000

##
## Statistics gathering and submitting
##

# Enable statistical reporting.
# Default: no
#StatsEnabled yes

# Disable submission of individual PE sections for files flagged as malware.
# Default: no
#StatsPEDisabled yes

# HostID in the form of an UUID to use when submitting statistical information.
# Default: auto
#StatsHostID auto

# Time in seconds to wait for the stats server to come back with a response
# Default: 10
#StatsTimeout 10

e freshclam.conf:

##
## Example config file for freshclam
## Please read the freshclam.conf(5) manual before editing this file.
##

# Comment or remove the line below.
#Example

# Path to the database directory.
# WARNING: It must match clamd.conf's directive!
# Default: hardcoded (depends on installation options)
#DatabaseDirectory /var/lib/clamav

# Path to the log file (make sure it has proper permissions)
# Default: disabled
UpdateLogFile C:\Program Files (x86)\ClamAV\freshclam.log

# Maximum size of the log file.
# Value of 0 disables the limit.
# You may use 'M' or 'm' for megabytes (1M = 1m = 1048576 bytes)
# and 'K' or 'k' for kilobytes (1K = 1k = 1024 bytes).
# in bytes just don't use modifiers. If LogFileMaxSize is enabled,
# log rotation (the LogRotate option) will always be enabled.
# Default: 1M
#LogFileMaxSize 2M

# Log time with each message.
# Default: no
#LogTime yes

# Enable verbose logging.
# Default: no
#LogVerbose yes

# Use system logger (can work together with UpdateLogFile).
# Default: no
#LogSyslog yes

# Specify the type of syslog messages - please refer to 'man syslog'
# for facility names.
# Default: LOG_LOCAL6
#LogFacility LOG_MAIL

# Enable log rotation. Always enabled when LogFileMaxSize is enabled.
# Default: no
#LogRotate yes

# This option allows you to save the process identifier of the daemon
# Default: disabled
#PidFile /var/run/freshclam.pid

# By default when started freshclam drops privileges and switches to the
# "clamav" user. This directive allows you to change the database owner.
# Default: clamav (may depend on installation options)
#DatabaseOwner clamav

# Initialize supplementary group access (freshclam must be started by root).
# Default: no
#AllowSupplementaryGroups yes

# Use DNS to verify virus database version. Freshclam uses DNS TXT records
# to verify database and software versions. With this directive you can change
# the database verification domain.
# WARNING: Do not touch it unless you're configuring freshclam to use your
# own database verification domain.
# Default: current.cvd.clamav.net
#DNSDatabaseInfo current.cvd.clamav.net

# Uncomment the following line and replace XY with your country
# code. See http://www.iana.org/cctld/cctld-whois.htm for the full list.
# You can use db.XY.ipv6.clamav.net for IPv6 connections.
#DatabaseMirror db.XY.clamav.net

# database.clamav.net is a round-robin record which points to our most 
# reliable mirrors. It's used as a fall back in case db.XY.clamav.net is 
# not working. DO NOT TOUCH the following line unless you know what you
# are doing.
DatabaseMirror database.clamav.net

# How many attempts to make before giving up.
# Default: 3 (per mirror)
#MaxAttempts 5

# With this option you can control scriped updates. It's highly recommended
# to keep it enabled.
# Default: yes
#scripedUpdates yes

# By default freshclam will keep the local databases (.cld) uncompressed to
# make their handling faster. With this option you can enable the compression;
# the change will take effect with the next database update.
# Default: no
#CompressLocalDatabase no

# With this option you can provide custom sources (http:// or file://) for
# database files. This option can be used multiple times.
# Default: no custom URLs
#DatabaseCustomURL http://myserver.com/mysigs.ndb
#DatabaseCustomURL file:///mnt/nfs/local.hdb

# This option allows you to easily point freshclam to private mirrors.
# If PrivateMirror is set, freshclam does not attempt to use DNS
# to determine whether its databases are out-of-date, instead it will
# use the If-Modified-Since request or directly check the headers of the
# remote database files. For each database, freshclam first attempts
# to download the CLD file. If that fails, it tries to download the
# CVD file. This option overrides DatabaseMirror, DNSDatabaseInfo
# and scripedUpdates. It can be used multiple times to provide
# fall-back mirrors.
# Default: disabled
#PrivateMirror mirror1.mynetwork.com
#PrivateMirror mirror2.mynetwork.com

# Number of database checks per day.
# Default: 12 (every two hours)
#Checks 24

# Proxy settings
# Default: disabled
#HTTPProxyServer myproxy.com
#HTTPProxyPort 1234
#HTTPProxyUsername myusername
#HTTPProxyPassword mypass

# If your servers are behind a firewall/proxy which applies User-Agent
# filtering you can use this option to force the use of a different
# User-Agent header.
# Default: clamav/version_number
#HTTPUserAgent SomeUserAgentIdString

# Use aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd as client address for downloading databases. Useful for
# multi-homed systems.
# Default: Use OS'es default outgoing IP address.
#LocalIPAddress aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd

# Send the RELOAD command to clamd.
# Default: no
#NotifyClamd /path/to/clamd.conf

# Run command after successful database update.
# Default: disabled
#OnUpdateExecute command

# Run command when database update process fails.
# Default: disabled
#OnErrorExecute command

# Run command when freshclam reports outdated version.
# In the command string %v will be replaced by the new version number.
# Default: disabled
#OnOutdatedExecute command

# Don't fork into background.
# Default: no
#Foreground yes

# Enable debug messages in libclamav.
# Default: no
#Debug yes

# Timeout in seconds when connecting to database server.
# Default: 30
#ConnectTimeout 60

# Timeout in seconds when reading from database server.
# Default: 30
#ReceiveTimeout 60

# With this option enabled, freshclam will attempt to load new
# databases into memory to make sure they are properly handled
# by libclamav before replacing the old ones.
# Default: yes
#TestDatabases yes

# When enabled freshclam will submit statistics to the ClamAV Project about
# the latest virus detections in your environment. The ClamAV maintainers
# will then use this data to determine what types of malware are the most
# detected in the field and in what geographic area they are.
# Freshclam will connect to clamd in order to get recent statistics.
# Default: no
#SubmitDetectionStats /path/to/clamd.conf

# Country of origin of malware/detection statistics (for statistical
# purposes only). The statistics collector at ClamAV.net will look up
# your IP address to determine the geographical origin of the malware
# reported by your installation. If this installation is mainly used to
# scan data which comes from a different location, please enable this
# option and enter a two-letter code (see http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/)
# of the country of origin.
# Default: disabled
#DetectionStatsCountry country-code

# This option enables support for our "Personal Statistics" service. 
# When this option is enabled, the information on malware detected by
# your clamd installation is made available to you through our website.
# To get your HostID, log on http://www.stats.clamav.net and add a new
# host to your host list. Once you have the HostID, uncomment this option
# and paste the HostID here. As soon as your freshclam starts submitting
# information to our stats collecting service, you will be able to view
# the statistics of this clamd installation by logging into
# http://www.stats.clamav.net with the same credentials you used to
# generate the HostID. For more information refer to:
# http://www.clamav.net/documentation.html#cctts 
# This feature requires SubmitDetectionStats to be enabled.
# Default: disabled
#DetectionStatsHostID unique-id

# This option enables support for Google Safe Browsing. When activated for
# the first time, freshclam will download a new database file (safebrowsing.cvd)
# which will be automatically loaded by clamd and clamscan during the next
# reload, provided that the heuristic phishing detection is turned on. This
# database includes information about websites that may be phishing sites or
# possible sources of malware. When using this option, it's mandatory to run
# freshclam at least every 30 minutes.
# Freshclam uses the ClamAV's mirror infrastructure to distribute the
# database and its updates but all the contents are provided under Google's
# terms of use. See http://www.google.com/transparencyreport/safebrowsing
# and http://www.clamav.net/documentation.html#safebrowsing 
# for more information.
# Default: disabled
#SafeBrowsing yes

# This option enables downloading of bytecode.cvd, which includes additional
# detection mechanisms and improvements to the ClamAV engine.
# Default: enabled
#Bytecode yes

# Download an additional 3rd party signature database distributed through
# the ClamAV mirrors. 
# This option can be used multiple times.
#ExtraDatabase dbname1
#ExtraDatabase dbname2

Entrambi i suddetti file sono abbastanza basilari, potete dunque modificarli in base alle vostre esigenze.

Per verificare che tutto è stato configurato correttamente, lanciamo un prompt dei comandi (con privilegi di amministratore) ed eseguiamo clamd.exe:

C:\Program Files\ClamAV\clamd.exe

Se non vegnono riportati errori di sorta possiamo procedere con il download delle firme aggiornate e con l’installazione del suddetto applicativo sottoforma di servizio.

Per scaricare le firme è sufficiente lanciare il comando:

C:\Program Files\ClamAV\freshclam.exe

Installazione di ClamD come servizio

Per effettuare tale operazione si possono seguire 2 strade: la prima consiste nell’utilizzare il tool nativo di Windows sc; la seconda, che preferisco, prevede l’uso del tool nssm (che potete scaricare da qui).

Procediamo dunque con l’installazione del servizio lanciando il seguente comando (dopo aver estratto l’archivio contenente la versione a 64 bit dell’applicativo appena scaricato):

nssm install ClamD  "C:\Program Files\ClamAV\clamd.exe"

Se l’installazione è andata a buon fine possiamo procedere con l’avvio del servizio utilizzando il comando:

net start ClamD

oppure avvalendoci di services.msc.

Infine, per fare in modo che gli aggiornamenti dell’antivirus vengano scaricati automaticamente ogni notte, è sufficiente utilizzare il seguente scrip *.bat:

@echo off

echo %DATE% %TIME% : Starting ClamD signature update

"C:\Program Files\ClamAV\freshclam.exe"

net stop ClamD

net start ClamD

echo %DATE% %TIME% : ClamD signature update completed

echo ------------------------------------------------------------------

e creare un apposito task mediante il task scheduler di Windows (con l’opzione >> “C:\Program Files\ClamAv\clamd_update.log”, in modo da tenere traccia dello status relativo agli aggiornamenti automatici).

Adesso il nostro server di posta è più sicuro.

Alla prossima.

Windows Server 2008 R2: installare e configurare ClamD come servizioultima modifica: 2016-07-07T10:51:49+00:00da nazarenolatella
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